The Raspberry Pi is a series of credit card–sized single-board computers developed in the UK by the Raspberry Pi Foundation with the intention of promoting the teaching of basic computer science in schools. The original Raspberry Pi and Raspberry Pi 2 are manufactured in several board configurations through licensed manufacturing agreements with Newark element14 (Premier Farnell), RS Components and Egoman. These companies sell the Raspberry Pi online.Egoman produces a version for distribution solely in Taiwan, which can be distinguished from other Pis by their red colouring and lack of FCC/CE marks. The hardware is the same across all manufacturers.
Arduino is an open-source prototyping platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs - light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message - and turn it into an output - activating a motor, turning on an LED, publishing something online. You can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board. To do so you use the Arduino programming language (based on Wiring), and the Arduino Software (IDE), based on Processing.
Intel Galileo combines Intel technology with support for Arduino ready-made hardware expansion cards (called "shields") and the Arduino software development environment and libraries. The development board runs an open source Linux operating system with the Arduino software libraries, enabling re-use of existing software, called "sketches". Intel Galileo can be programmed through OS X, Microsoft Windows and Linux host operating software. The board is also designed to be hardware and software compatible with the Arduino shield ecosystem.
The new Gizmo 2 platform is the second-generation x86-based DIY single-board-computer (SBC) from Gizmosphere. Expanding on the community’s first platform, Gizmo 2 merges a 60 percent performance increase coupled with power-consumption decrease with direct access to a wide range of interfaces − GPIO, ADC/DAC, PWM, SPI, USB, SATA and PCIe – plus an updated selection of peripheral interfaces, including the much-requested HDMI dedicated port, an mSATA port for connecting SSDs, and a microSD card slot.
Built upon the CPU and GPU technology behind today’s leading video game consoles, data centers and PCs, and coupled with a complete open-source development ecosystem, the limitations of Gizmo 2 are only bound by your imagination.
The BeagleBoard is a low-power open-source hardware single-board computer produced by Texas Instruments in association with Digi-Key and Newark element14. The BeagleBoard was also designed with open source software development in mind, and as a way of demonstrating the Texas Instrument's OMAP3530 system-on-a-chip. The board was developed by a small team of engineers as an educational board that could be used in colleges around the world to teach open source hardware and software capabilities. It is also sold to the public under the Creative Commons share-alike license.
Cubieboard is a single-board computer, made in Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. The first short run of prototype boards were sold internationally in September 2012, and the production version started to be sold in October 2012. It can run Android 4 ICS, Ubuntu 12.04 desktop, Fedora 19 ARM Remix desktop, Archlinux ARM, a basic Debian server via the Cubian distribution, or OpenBSD.
The PandaBoard is a low-power, low-cost single-board computer development platform based on the Texas Instruments OMAP4430 system on a chip (SoC). The board has been available to the public at the subsidized price of US$174 since 27 October 2010. It is a community supported development platform.
The PandaBoard ES is a newer version based on the OMAP4460 SoC, with the CPU and GPU running at higher clock rates. The board has been available to the public at the subsidized price of US$182 since 16 November 2011. Like its predecessor, it is a community supported development platform.
OLINUXINO is completely open source hardware and open source software, which means you have access to all the CAD files and sources and you can reuse them for your own personal or commercial projects. There are NO restrictions to manufacturing and selling these boards for your own use or resale.
OLINUXINO use a widely available microcontroller iMX233, which costs USD 5.50 in 100 pcs quantity. This means that people can spin off their own boards and manufacture them as cheaply as the processor in TQFP package is easy to assemble by a hobbyist package.
The Rascal is a small, open source computer that works with Arduino shields. Inside, it runs Linux, and you can program it in Python. The Rascal comes with a web-based editor and lots of examples that you can modify to make whatever you want.
Banana Pi is a single-board computer that can run Android, Ubuntu, Debian, and cubieboard. Raspbian can be run, though the CPU complies with the requirements of the Debian armhf port. It uses the Allwinner A20 SoC (system on a chip) and as such is mostly covered by the linux-sunxi port. The boards are made in China.
Banana PI is the open source hardware platform designed to assist the Elastos.org open source OS.
The ODROID is a series of single-board computers and tablet computers created by Hardkernel Co., Ltd., an open-source hardware company located in South Korea. Even though the name ‘ODROID’ is a portmanteau of ‘open’ + ‘Android’, the hardware isn't actually open because some parts of the design are retained by the company. Many ODROID systems are capable of running not only Android, but also Linux.
The MinnowBoard is a compact and affordable open source hardware reference platform that puts the power of a 64-bit Intel® Atom™ E38xx Series System on a Chip (SoC) in a small versatile form-factor. This embedded board has an enormous range of capabilities for hardware, software, and firmware developers: from creating a fun hobby or professional maker project, to developing high performance embedded applications or products
UDOO is a single-board computer with an integrated Arduino 2 compatible microcontroller, designed for computer science education, the world of Makers and the Internet of Things.
The product was launched on Kickstarter in April 2013 reaching wide consensus. UDOO is available in three models: UDOO Dual Basic, UDOO Dual, UDOO Quad, respectively at the price of $99, $115, $135.
UDOO is a development platform that merges a Dual or Quad Core ARM Freescale Cortex-A9 i.MX 6 CPU, providing optimal performance when running both Linux or Android operating systems, and an Arduino 2 compatible board with a dedicated ARM Atmel SAM3X8E CPU.
The Wandboard is a low-cost Cortex-A9 board based on the Freescale i.MX6 family of SoCs.
The spirit that drove the development was the fact that many of the development boards we see today are fun to play with but there is no flexibility in place to design a product beyond the initial stage. With the Wandboard we try to overcome this by choosing a System-on-Module approach that works with an easy-to-design baseboard that everyone can design and build with beginning engineering knowledge.
Get ready to fall in love with the HummingBoard family – a small and powerful, low-cost ARM computers that ignite the imagination. Whatever your dream is, the HummingBoard family will help make it happen – the possibilities for creating the next great IoT innovation are truly limitless.
IoT is about “things” connecting with systems, people and other things such as sensors and actuators. IoT field is emerging with a large variety of use cases and applications, requiring different connectivity methods and dynamic and flexible hardware capabilities. The HummingBoard family is the most innovative, dense and flexible IoT platforms of its kind, simplifying design and reliable deployment of such products.